The symptoms depended on the type of hernia, its cause and size. The main symptom is the appearance of a lump or swelling in the region involved. The lump may be painless and be only felt on exertion such as lifting heavy objects, coughing etc.
Some hernias can cause pain during exertion.
The lump is often not felt when the person is lying down, it becomes prominent on standing and particularly on straining. Some hernias can cause bowel strangulation of threaten blood supply and can become blocked causing severe pain and discomfort requiring emergency surgery.
Dr Baxter will diagnose the hernia at examination. Ultrasounds or x-rays are sometimes used to help diagnose a hernia.
The treatment is surgery. Surgery aims at closure and repair of the muscle wall through which the hernia protrudes using either suture or mesh repair depending on the location of the hernia. Dr Baxter usually performs this repair laparoscopically.